Now, the country’s immunization program faces a backlash of public distrust that critics say has been magnified by the government’s ingrained secrecy.
"ingrained " (根深的)是"一貫以來"嗎？
The faulty vaccines have become the latest lightning rod for widespread, often visceral distrust of China’s medical system, as well as a rebuff to what many Chinese critics see as President Xi Jinping’s bulldozing, top-down rule.
lightning rod noun [C] US 原意為避雷針， 轉為"被攻擊、批判的替身"：上
文指散播不信任之"傳輸管道"。someone or something that takes all the blame for a situation, although other people or things are responsible too:
In a harsh economic climate, raises for teachers have become a lightning rod for criticism.
1 (of beliefs) so firmly held that they are not likely to change:
Such ingrained prejudices cannot be corrected easily.
The belief that you should own your house is deeply ingrained in British society.
2 Ingrained dirt has got under the surface of something and is difficult to remove:
The oil had become ingrained in his skin.